SIKHS IN PAKISTAN : SOME GUIDELINE FOR ANALYSIS

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SIKH DEMOGRAPHICS

Actual numbers and trend from census data:

  • Population – total and by provinces/regions/ cities/urban-rural mix
  • Birth rate
  • Survival/longevity/age
  • Education profile
  • Occupation profile
  • Economic status/profile

SOCIAL CONDITIONS

  • Housing, population clusters
  • Social intercourse for families, males, females and children – intra community, with other minorities and the mainstream
  • Health and social support mechanisms/options
  • Isolation

IDENTITY & TRANSMISSION ISSUES

  • Language [Gurmukhi] learning
  • Religious teaching
  • Cultural influences
  • Proselytizing influences – environmental, economic, security, missionary causes
  • Festival celebrations
  • Marriage and family celebratory occasions
  • Observance at personal level by males, females, youth
  • Observance as families, in homes

GURDWARAS

Brief details of functioning Gurdwaras including status; management; availability of Granthis, Ragis, Kathakars; revenue sources; nature of services available e.g. daily or periodic divan,nitnem,kirtan, katha, langar; festival celebrations; local congregation; visiting pilgrims; facilities available on a regular basis and for special occasions.

List of Gurdwaras locked up and those converted to other uses since 1947.

Gurdwaras kept functional entirely by the effort of Muslims/other communities and the description of their routines, rituals, services, and congregations.

SIKH IMAGE/PROJECTION IN

  • Print media
  • Radio
  • TV
  • Text books
  • History books
  • Literature
  • Performing arts
  • Popular music
  • Jokes, stereotypes, slang, slurs

SIKH INSTITUTIONS

Type’s e.g. educational, research, social, charitable, trusts; their details of activities, management, resources, beneficiaries etc.

SIKH PRESENCE IN

  • Politics – nature of involvement
  • Government – various levels
  • Armed services
  • Police
  • Academia
  • Professions
  • Community work
  • Business owners
  • Self employed
  • Service sector – nature of involvement
  • Sports
  • Honors/awards lists

THE SIKH FACTOR

  • Sikh migration out of Pakistan after stabilization post partition
  • Sikh migration into Pakistan – from where all, numbers, reasons
  • Sikh tourism to Pakistan – from India and other countries; significance in relation to total tourist inflow
  • Sikhs in India and their significance in neighborly relations, trade relations, cultural relations, tourism development etc.
  • Empathetic factors favoring Sikhs
  • Antipathy/antagonism against Sikhs
  • Apathy towards Sikhs – ‘they don’t matter’ attitude

SIKHS IN HISTORICAL MEMORY

Depiction of and popular memory of Sikhs and Sikh uprising against Muslim rule; the Sikh dominance and rule over the tract for an extended period; the Sikh image from the British colonial days and the Sikh factor in struggle for freedom from the British leading up to partition and the accompanying mayhem and finally the perception regarding the more recent Sikh militancy in Punjab.

LOOKING FORWARD

What kind of future may Sikhs envision in Pakistan?

What kind of help do Sikhs in Pakistan need for improving their lives while being loyal and productive citizens? Where can the help come from? How can they help themselves? How can Sikhs in India help them? How can Sikhs in other countries help them? Who else can help them and how? Can they get more leverage internally through developing relationships with other communities, the mainstream, media, academia, political elite and if so what options may offer themselves and what initiatives may help?

OVERALL PAKISTAN MINORITY SITUATION

  • Demographics by communities by provinces/regions/areas
  • Economic, educational change trends
  • Institutions/resources & their effectivity
  • Interfaith movement/dialogue; its impact
  • Political representation, its level and effectiveness
  • Security of person, assets
  • Availability of opportunity for growth, development, education, travel
  • Legal and constitutional safeguards

Freedom to practice faith and preach equally for all faiths

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